Barrier Attenuation

**Strutt|Environmental Noise|Barrier Attenuation** provides a barrier attenuation calculation, using either the Maekawa equation, ISO9613-2 equation, Degout equation or the CORTN method, which is entered in the active row of the worksheet.

The calculation is valid for the shadow or illuminated zone of the barrier and is limited to a maximum attenuation of (-) 25 dB at any frequency.

The Maekawa equation is implemented within the shadow zone as:

`IL = -[5 + 20log_10(sqrt(2 pi N_F)/tanh(sqrt(2 pi N_F)))]`

where,

`N_F = 2(delta/lambda)` is the Fresnel number

- `delta` is the path difference, m

`lambda` is the wavelength of sound, m

Within the illuminated zone, a log-log curve fit is used to calculate the barrier loss based on the figure in the original Maekawa paper.

The CORTN method gives a single-number dB(A) value, which is placed in Column E of the active row. In the Barrier Attenuation user form, the attenuation is displayed in the octave band cells, but the final result is a broadband value only, and selecting the CORTN method will NOT insert spectral values into the active row. The CORTN method is implemented using the following equation:

`IL = A_0 + A_1 x + A_2 x^2 + A_3 x^3 + ... + A_n x^n`

where,

`x = log(delta)` and `delta` is the path difference, m

The coefficients `A_n` are:

A _{0} |
A _{1} |
A _{2} |
A _{3} |
A _{4} |
A _{5} |
A _{6} |
A _{7} |

-15.4 | -8.26 | -2.787 | -0.831 | -0.198 | 0.1539 | 0.12248 | 0.02175 |

The ISO 9613-2 method includes an option to calculate the effect of meteorological conditions on the barrier attenuation, and is calculated using:

`A_(b a r) = -10log_10(3 + 20/lambda C_3 delta K_(met))`

Where,

`lambda` is the wavelength of sound at the frequency in question

`delta` is the path difference between the diffracted sound and direct sound, calculated using:

- `delta = d_(ss) + d_(sr) - d`

`C_3` is a coefficient for double diffraction; `C_3 = 1` for single diffraction

`K_(met)` is a meteorological correction factor calculated using:

- `K_(met) = e^((-1/2000 sqrt(d_(ss)d_(sr)d)/(2 delta)))`

`d_(ss)` is the distance from the source to the first diffraction edge, m

`d_(sr)` is the distance from the second diffraction edge to the reciever, m

`d` is the straight-line distance between source and receiver, m

The Degout formula is calculated as follows:

`IL = {(0 " for " \ N_F < -0.25 ),(-6 + 12 sqrt(-N_F) \ " for " \ -0.25 <= N_F < 0 \ ),(-6 - 12 sqrt(N_F) \ " for " \ 0 <= N_F < 0.25 \ ),(-8 - 8 sqrt(N_F) \ " for " \ 0.25 <= N_F < 1.0 \ ),(-16 - 10log_10(N_F) \ " for " N_F > 1.0 \ ):}`

Comments or suggestions to strutt@arup.com